APPRENTICE: A person who is engaged in learning a trade through
employment and is covered by a written agreement with a Joint Apprenticeship
and Training Committee. The written agreement is registered with
the Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training, U.S. Department of Labor.
APPRENTICESHIP: An agreement between an apprentice and a sponsor
where an apprentice provides labor at a reduced cost in exchange
for training by the sponsor.
APPRENTICESHIP AGREEMENT: An individually written agreement between
an employer and an apprentice; or a written agreement between an
employer, or an association of employers, and an organization of
employees describing conditions of employment for apprentices;
or a written statement describing conditions of employment for
apprentices in a plant where there is no bona fide employee organization.
APPRENTICESHIP COMMITTEE: Those persons designated by the sponsor
to act for it in the administration of the apprenticeship program.
APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAM: A plan containing all terms and conditions
for the qualification, recruitment, selection, employment and training
of apprentices, including such matters as the requirement for a
written apprenticeship agreement.
BUREAU OF APPRENTICESHIP AND TRAINING (BAT): Authorized by the
National Apprenticeship Act of 1937, the U. S. Department of Labor's
apprenticeship agency oversees federal apprenticeship programs
to comply with federal standards. The Alaska office's primary functions
are to approve and register apprenticeship and training agreements,
issue Certificates of Completion to apprentices, encourage the
development of new programs, provide technical assistance, and
assure that all programs provide high quality training to their
apprentices. Persons or organizations desiring to institute an
apprenticeship training program must first propose their committee
and standards to conform to apprenticeship laws and regulations
for consideration of approval by the Bureau. This office maintains
all records of apprenticeship and training agreements and of apprenticeship
and training standards.
COOPERATING SCHOOL: A provider of related instruction. Some, but
not all, committees work with a cooperating school(s) to provide
COORDINATOR/DIRECTOR: A person working on the apprenticeship committee’s
behalf to assure meaningful learning is taking place. Usually a
coordinator/director serves as a liaison between management, labor,
cooperating school, lawmakers, apprentices, and the general public.
EMPLOYER: Any person or organization employing an apprentice whether
or not such person or organization is a party to an apprenticeship
agreement with the apprentice.
JOINT APPRENTICESHIP AND TRAINING COMMITTEE
(JATC): The committee
is made up of equal representation of both employers and of employees
and represented by a bona fide collective bargaining agent(s).
It has been established to conduct, operate, or administer an apprenticeship
program and enter into apprenticeship agreements with apprentices
within the state and federal guidelines. It is responsible for
assuring meaningful training experiences throughout the indenturement.
NON-JOINT APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAM (NJAP): A program sponsor in
which a bona fide collective bargaining agent is not a participant.
ON-THE-JOB (OJT) PROGRAM: Custom designed programs to meet the
needs of an individual employer. These training programs may be
set up in the same manner as apprenticeship programs.
REGISTRATION: The terms of an apprenticeship agreement addressing
issues such as skills learned and performed, rates of compensation
and advancement, length of program, disciplinary action, appeals
procedure, etc. All apprenticeship programs are registered with
the U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training.
SPONSOR: Any firm, association, committee, or organization operating
an apprenticeship and training program through an employer and
employee relationship and in whose name the program is or is to
STANDARDS: A written agreement setting forth a plan containing
all terms and conditions for the qualification, recruitment, selection,
employment, and training of apprentices.
TRAINING TRUST FUND: The trust collects payroll deductions, manages
the assets and distributes these funds to training centers and
the JATCs. The board is made up of equal representation of labor
and signatory contractors.
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